Provincial Archives of Manitoba

200 Vaughan Street
Winnipeg, MN R3C 1T5
Organizational Type: 
Archive / Library / Museum

Organizational fonds

  • Interviews conducted in 1985 with Gilbert Abraham, a Saulteaux
    (Ojibway) Treaty Indian. He discusses his experiences at a
    residential school; various kinds of employment; involvement with
    Native organizations, trade unions and politics; relationship
    with family; life experiences on a reserve; his fight with
    alcoholism and discrimination. Includes references to Fort
    Alexander, Elkhorn, Pinefalls and Winnipeg.

  • Interviews conducted in 1991 to study the rise and decline of a
    railway resort town between the years 1920 and 1950, and to
    document the history of a recreational area which was very
    popular during the 1930s. Interviews focus on the personal
    experiences of community members and include material on tourism,
    recreation, anti-semitism, Jewish Canadians, and Canadians of
    Slavic origins.

  • Interviews conducted in 1974 and 1979 by Thecla Bradshaw for her
    book A Cree Life: The Art of Allen Sapp and for a biography
    of Father Jean Mégret, O.M.I. Interviewees are Saskatchewan
    Native artist Allen Sapp and individuals who helped establish his
    career; Native activist Wilfred Tootoosis speaking on his life
    and work organizing co-operative credit unions in Native
    communities; and Father Jean Mégret, O.M.I. discussing his life
    in France, his work as an Oblate Missionary in Wallaston,
    Saskatchewan and the history of that community, the co-operative
    movement in Saskatchewan, and reflecting on Native culture and
    the Church. Includes references to North Battleford, Sweetgrass
    Reserve and Poundmaker Reserve, Saskatchewan.

  • Interview conducted in 1981 with "Jock" Brown, a farmer who
    became involved in the cooperative movement on the prairies from
    the 1910s to the 1960s. He was a founding member and past
    president of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation; founding
    member and president of Canadian Co-operative Implements Ltd. and
    founding member of a Winnipeg co-operative newspaper, the
    Winnipeg Citizen. Includes references to Scotland,
    Cartwright (Man.) and Winnipeg.

  • Interviews conducted in 1991 to record the personal experiences
    of business and professional women working in Winnipeg between
    1940 and 1960. Examines the roots of issues affecting today's
    business and professional women. Topics include teaching,
    friendship, social activities, barriers to women in the
    workforce, and equal pay for equal work, and the Business and
    Professional Women's Club of Winnipeg.

  • Interviews conducted in 1987 with 34 Mennonite women who worked
    as domestic servants in Winnipeg from the 1920s to the 1950s.
    Most discuss their emigration from communities in Southern Russia
    to Manitoba, their work as domestics and their associations with
    two Mennonite organizations ("girls homes") that helped them find
    jobs and maintain contact with other young Mennonite women --
    Mary Martha Home and the General Conference Home. The material
    also includes references to Winkler and Steinbach, Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted in 1961 with members of Winnipeg's Jewish
    community about their involvement in local Zionist organizations.

  • Interviews conducted in 1981 with senior citizens in the Pembina
    Valley. Interviewees discuss rural schools, farming practices,
    women's work on the farm, conditions in the Depression, and
    itinerant farm labour. Includes material on Mennonites.

  • Entrevues réalisées en 1987 et parrainées par la Fédération des
    aînés. Treize hommes et femmes venant des communautés de
    Saint-Boniface, Saint-Norbert, Lorette et Sainte-Anne-des-Chênes
    ont été interviewées sur les sujets suivants: vie d'enfance, vie
    de famille, préparation des repas, travail sur la ferme, école,
    activités sociales et religieuses, inondations, dépression,

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 with four Russians immigrants who
    came to Manitoba between the 1910s and 1935. They discuss their
    experience as immigrants as well as family life, work experience,
    and involvement with the Russian Workers' Club (Maxim Gorky) and
    the Federation of Russian Canadians during the 1930s and 1940s.
    Includes references to newspapers, the Canadian Aid to Russia
    Fund, Byelorussia, Voln Province (former U.S.S.R.) and Winnipeg.

  • Interviews conducted in 1991 with Native Elders of the Fisher
    River Band (Cree). They relate stories of Treaty, the land,
    economic development and the community.

  • Interviews conducted in 1983 and 1984. The Flin Flon Oral
    History Project was established to document the social and labour
    history of Manitoba's first important mining community.
    Individuals discuss their lives in the community in the period
    between 1927 and 1946, and provide extensive information on the
    initial construction period; living conditions and social life in
    the community; the development of municipal services; hiring
    procedures and working conditions in various sectors of Hudson's
    Bay Company operations; labour/management relations, including
    union organization, the 1934 strike and its aftermath. Material
    refers to Canadians of East European origins.

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 and 1989 to gather accounts of the
    descendants of the first immigrants from Amato, Italy for an
    audio-visual presentation, booklet and historical exhibit on the
    history of Italians in Winnipeg. The majority of interviewees
    immigrated from Amato, Italy to Winnipeg in the 1910s and 1920s.
    They describe the village life of Amato and some discuss their,
    or their father's, participation in World War I. They discuss
    their immigration experiences: leaving their Italian community,
    establishing themselves in Winnipeg and forging ties with other
    Italian immigrants. They also discuss the impact of the
    Depression, World War II, and discrimination on their lives and
    that of the Italian community in Winnipeg. Includes references
    to Fratellanza Amatese, Roma Society, the Holy Rosary Church and
    St. Ignatious.

  • Interviews conducted in 1983 and 1984 with some of Gretna's
    pioneers and early citizens. Topics discussed include
    homesteading, farm life, family life, grain mills and elevators,
    the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, the post office, church
    life, education, small businesses, politics, World War I,
    immigration from the Ukraine, professional people and midwifery.
    Includes material on Mennonites.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 and 1991 with descendants of early
    Mennonite pioneers who settled in south-eastern Manitoba in the
    late 19th century and early 20th century. They discuss their
    grandparents and parents, immigration, settlement, agriculture,
    experiences relating to social life, schooling, marriage, work,
    religious studies, and attitudes to non-Mennonites, in their
    rural Mennonite villages between 1900 and 1940.

  • Small collection of recordings on a variety of subjects,
    currently unprocessed.

  • Interviews conducted between 1988 and 1990 with Icelandic
    Canadians who lived in Winnipeg and rural Manitoba, including
    Gimli. Individuals discuss Iceland, Icelandic folklore,
    emigration experiences, homesteading/pioneering, the Winnipeg
    General Strike, fraternal organizations, early Winnipeg theatre,
    businesses, work and family life, religious practices, the
    Depression, relations between Icelandic and German communities,
    World War II, Native people and Winnipeg neighborhoods. Includes
    references to the newspaper Logberg Heimskringla, Jon
    Bjarnason Academy and the Icelandic Temperance movement.

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 for a centennial history of the
    Lodge. Interviewees are members who worked for the Canadian
    Pacific Railway Company (C.P.R.) between the 1930s and 1950s.
    They discuss their lives and the working conditions of
    machinists. Topics include: emigration from Europe,
    neighborhoods around the C.P.R. shops in Winnipeg, railway
    strikes (1950 and 1957), "dieselization", apprenticeship, ethnic
    relations, Lodge politics, political parties (CCF-NDP), labour
    organizations, World War II, social activities and
    labour-management relations. Includes references to Canadians of
    Polish, Haitian and Ukrainian origins.

  • Interviews conducted in 1985 and 1986 as part of the 1985
    International Youth Year celebrations, in order to encourage
    young individuals to recognize the historical significance of
    their own life experiences and point of view, and to actively
    participate in creating a permanent record of their experiences.
    A cross-section of young men and women between the ages of 16 and
    29, from across Manitoba (especially Winnipeg, The Pas, and
    South-Western Manitoba), were interviewed. They discussed their
    family background, childhood experiences, activities and
    interests, education and specialized training, work and volunteer
    experiences, future prospects and views of work and society in

  • Interviews conducted in 1987 with Northern Manitoba Native (Cree)
    Elders, who discuss their life experiences in six areas:
    education, medicine, spirituality, recreation, employment and
    family lifestyles. Topics also include hunting, trapping and
    fishing; includes references to Thompson, Nelson House and Split
    Lake, Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 and used in the production of a
    video tape on Treaty No. 5. Northern Manitoba Native (including
    Cree) Elders discuss their life experiences -- education, work
    and family. The interviews focus on recollections concerning the
    signing of Treaty No. 5 (Native relations with the Canadian
    government) and its effects on Native individuals and their
    communities. Topics include hunting, trapping and fishing, and
    religion. Includes references to Big Eddy Settlement, The Pas,
    Cross Lake, Nelson House, Koostatak and Fisher River.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 with elderly women who were "hired
    out" to work as domestics and/or farm labourers between the 1920s
    and 1940s in Winnipeg and rural Manitoba. One of the aims of the
    project was to identify occurrences of sexual or other abuse that
    relate to long-term emotional problems. Other topics include
    loneliness, exploitation, and menstruation.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 with children between eight and
    eleven years of age from different socio-economic backgrounds.
    Topics discussed include songs, stories, children's play, sports,
    attitudes to school and the media (television). Places mentioned
    include Winnipeg, Oak Lake, Kleefield and Steinbach.

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 documenting Chinese immigration and
    adaptation to Canadian life through the eyes of first and second
    generation Chinese immigrants, many of whom were entrepreneurs in
    Winnipeg and rural Manitoba. They provide valuable insights into
    such subjects as discrimination, immigration, rural and city life
    in early 20th century Manitoba, the immigrant small business
    community and family labour. The preservation of the Chinese
    dialect "Toishanese" is also of permanent value. Places
    mentioned include Winnipeg, The Pas, Swan River, Dauphin,
    Minnedosa, Strathclair, Birtle, Brandon, Portage La Prairie,
    Killarney, Baldur and Gimli.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 with gay and lesbian individuals.
    Interviewees discuss social and sexual experiences in Winnipeg,
    family history, gathering places in the 1950s-1970s, friendships,
    society's attitude towards homosexuality, and (gay) prostitution.
    Includes material on the Manitoba Institute on Society and
    Sexuality. The project covers over forty years of "gay" history
    in Manitoba, from the late 1930s to the 1980s.

  • Interviews conducted in 1961 by Lionel Orlikow, a Winnipeg
    teacher and executive officer of the Manitoba Historical Society.
    Members of labour, conservative, liberal, socialist and community
    organizations discuss labour/political parties and themes in the
    pre-1920 period in Manitoba. Subjects include municipal and
    provincial politics, work experiences, women's organizations,
    immigration and settlement, the Riel Rebellion of 1885, the 1919
    Winnipeg General Strike, temperance and prohibition.

  • Interviews conducted in 1987 to prepare a history of Japanese
    Canadians who arrived in Manitoba following their internment by
    the Federal Government during World War II. The project was part
    of a larger national project to seek redress for the government's
    actions. Japanese Canadians describe evacuation from their
    communities in British Columbia, internment and resettlement in
    Manitoba. Employment (including sugar beet farming), attitudes
    to Japanese Canadians, racial discrimination, family life,
    cultural institutions and organizations, including the Manitoba
    Japanese Canadians' Citizens Association, are also discussed.
    Includes references to Haney, B.C., and Winnipeg, and to the
    British Columbia Security Commission.

  • Interviews conducted in 1984 with 25 men and women who worked in
    the "Needle Trade" in Winnipeg in the 1930s and 1940s. The
    interviews focus on the personal lives and living conditions of
    the workers, their work experience, and the organization and
    activities of unions. The project covers the period from the
    1920s to the present with major emphasis on the 1930s and 1940s.
    Includes references to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union,
    the Industrial Union of Needle Trade Workers, the International
    Ladies Garment Workers Union and the Needle Trades Council.
    Includes material on Jewish Canadians and Ukrainian Canadians.

  • Interviews conducted in 1986 with 32 women who were employed as
    clerical workers, service workers (such as sales clerks, cooks
    and waitresses), domestic workers and garment industry workers
    during the three decades from 1930 to 1960, in Winnipeg and in
    rural Manitoba. The interviews provide information on their
    personal history, education, work experiences (including unions)
    and living conditions, as well as on a variety of employers
    (including Eaton's and The Bay) and on the Commercial Girls'
    Club. Includes material on Jewish Canadians, Ukrainian Canadians
    and Polish Canadians.

  • Interviews conducted in 1986 with 16 Swedish Canadians who
    emigrated to Canada as children with their parents, or as young
    adults. The interviews are in the form of life histories; they
    provide information on family background and childhood,
    immigration and settlement, courtship and marriage, work and
    social life in Manitoba, the retention or loss of language and
    cultural traditions. Includes material on Vasa Lund/Lodge, Lodge
    Norden, Canada Posten, and Lodge Strindberg. Places mentioned
    include Sweden, Winnipeg, rural and Northern Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted between 1988 and 1990 with retired nurses
    who trained and worked in Manitoba in the period 1920-1970. The
    interviews contain information on training and working
    conditions, public and personal attitudes to nurses, women,
    doctors and patients, medical practices and procedures, nursing
    politics, unions, the Manitoba Association of Registrered Nurses
    (M.A.R.N.), residence and social life, and economic conditions.
    Includes material on Deer Lodge Hospital, Misericordia Hospital,
    Children's Hospital, and Margaret Scott Nursing Mission. Places
    mentioned include Winnipeg, rural and Northern Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted between 1976 and 1978 for Robert Mason's
    research for the Basswood and District Historical Society's
    publication A Century of Living: Basswood 1878-1978,
    Basswood, 1978. Interviewees are male residents of Basswood,
    Manitoba who were active participants in and organizers of
    various amateur sports groups in the community, focussing on the
    1900s to the 1940s. Includes material on curling, football,
    hockey, and baseball, as well as farming and festivities. Places
    mentioned include Basswood, Rapid City and Elton, Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted in 1984 with 22 individuals who grew up or
    lived in St-Laurent, Manitoba, a Métis community located 70 km
    north-east of Winnipeg. The interviews encompass a diverse
    cross-section of ethnocultural and religious backgrounds --
    Métis, French Canadian, Breton, Saulteaux (Ojibway), Cree, as
    well as Oblate Fathers and Franciscan nuns. The interviewees
    provide information on ethnic and class divisions, family life,
    education, work, farming and fishing, religious customs,
    entertainment, cooking, language and folklore. The format is
    that of life histories. Includes references to the Manitoba
    Métis Federation and Louis Riel. Places mentioned include
    St-Laurent, Winnipeg, and Camperville.

  • Interviews conducted in 1985 with 18 individuals, primarily
    women, of mixed-blood ancestry from either English-speaking
    Anglican or French-speaking Roman Catholic backgrounds. The
    interviews are in the form of life histories. Narrators'
    recollections span the period from the late 19th century to the
    1980s and provide information on family, economic and social life
    in rural Métis communities, primarily in the Manitoba Interlake
    district. Topics also include ethnic relations (Métis, Saulteaux
    -- Ojibway, Cree, French Canadians, and Ukrainian Canadians), the
    Depression, World War II, religion, hunting, folklore, the
    Manitoba Métis Federation, the Hudson's Bay Company,
    Fort Alexander, Peguis Reserve, and Winnipeg.

  • Interviews conducted in 1985 with 20 men and women who worked for
    one of the "Big Three" meat-packing houses in Winnipeg in the
    1930s-1970s (Swift, Burns, Canada Packers). Interviews provide
    information on the family, ethnic and educational background of
    the individuals, and on their social life outside the workplace.
    Extensive descriptions are given of the various jobs workers
    held, working conditions and production techniques and how these
    changed over the years. The development of the union and
    changing labour relations, including strikes and lockouts, is
    also discussed. Includes references to the Congress of
    Industrial Organizations (CIO)'s Packinghouse Workers' Organizing
    Committee (PWOC), and to residents belonging to various
    ethnocultural groups: English-speaking, Ukrainian Canadian,
    Polish Canadian, German Canadian, and French Canadian.

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 with 47 Mennonite women who discuss
    their birthing experiences, and those of other family members and
    friends. Topics include hospital births, the influence of
    technology on childbirth and attitudes of the medical profession
    to childbirth, midwifery, breast-feeding, child-rearing, and
    women's roles in Mennonite communities. Two doctors were also
    interviewed. Places mentioned include Winnipeg, Steinbach,
    Carmen, Altona, and Winkler.

  • Interviews conducted in 1989 with Native (Cree) Elders from The
    Pas Reserve. They discuss their life ways and experiences, and
    those of their ancestors. Specific topics include hunting and
    trapping, ceremonies and feasts, Native language, legends and
    stories relating to Native spirituality and morality, food
    preparation, Native medicine, and kinship. Individuals
    researching or interested in Native legends and stories will find
    this collection very informative.

  • Interviews conducted in 1959 and 1960 with individuals who were
    the original homesteaders and pioneers in the Gilbert Plains area
    of Manitoba in the last decade of the 19th century. Interviewees
    describe their homesteading experiences, the founding of the
    community, farming and changes in farm technology,
    transportation, sports and social events. Includes references to
    the Hudson's Bay Company, and English-speaking and Ukrainian
    Canadians. Places mentioned include Dauphin and Neepawa.

  • Interviews conducted in 1991 with 20 Philippine domestic workers,
    sponsored by the Philippine Homeworkers Association. The women
    describe their family background and discuss their experiences of
    immigration, settlement, ethnic relations, type and conditions of
    work, and relate their ambitions. The majority of interviewees
    express feelings of frustration and unhappiness due to situations
    in which they felt exploited. The interviewees are anonymous.
    Places referred to include the Philippines, Singapore, and

  • Interviews conducted in 1988 with Jan Kamienski, long-time
    editorial cartoonist of The Winnipeg Tribune, who relates his
    life history. Born in Poland in 1923, Kamienski studied art in
    Poland, Paris and Dresden. He acted as a liaison officer between
    the Polish Underground and the SOE branch of the Allied Forces
    during World War II. Kamienski immigrated to Winnipeg in 1949
    and worked as a commercial artist and film animator until 1958
    when he joined The Winnipeg Tribune as an editorial
    cartoonist. Kamienski relates numerous anecdotes about the
    Tribune's editors and journalists, the paper's political bias
    and its rivalry with the Winnipeg Free Press, and social
    activities of journalists. He describes various aspects of his
    daily routine and the profession of political cartooning.
    Kamienski also discusses the evolution of the Winnipeg Art
    Gallery and the growth of Winnipeg's art community in the past 35

  • Interviews conducted in 1981 and 1982 as a pilot project of the
    Archives' volunteer program. Life history interviews with
    Winnipeg residents. Topics include family life, education,
    Vaudeville, World War I, the Winnipeg General Strike, the
    Depression and World War II. Places mentioned include Winnipeg
    and Northern Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 with present and former residents of
    Matheson Island, a Métis community of 150 people located at the
    narrows of Lake Winnipeg. The interviews provide information
    about the social and economic life of Matheson Island and its
    locale. Specific topics include the whitefish fishing industry
    (including the fishing co-operative), transportation, Catholic
    and Mennonite missions, Thomas Prince, Métis identity and
    Native-government relations in 1990. Includes references to the
    Manitoba Métis Federation and to the Ojibway.

  • Founded in 1938, the Royal Winnipeg Ballet is Canada's first
    professional dance company and the oldest continually operating
    ballet company in North America. Interviews conducted in 1972
    with dancers, ballet critics, composers and others associated
    with the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, providing information on subjects
    such as touring, rehearsals, various dancers' professional
    training and approach to their work.

  • Interviews conducted in 1989 to develop an oral history of Fort
    Alexander for educational programming and for use in a proposed
    museum and cultural centre at the Fort Alexander reserve, located
    on the north-east shore of Lake Winnipeg. Thirteen Ojibway
    members of the Reserve talk about their birth place and the
    languages spoken, education (residential schools) and employment
    experiences and the political structure of the Reserve. Native
    justice, religion, community services and activities are also

  • Interviews conducted in 1984 and 1985 by Doug Smith, a CBC Radio
    producer, freelance writer and broadcaster, with four of
    Winnipeg's prominent "Old Left" labour leaders and activists:
    Joseph Zuken, Andrew Bileski, William Kardash and Andrew
    Robertson. The interviews, in the form of life histories,
    provide information on left-wing politics (the Independent Labour
    Party, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and the Communist
    Party), unionism, co-operatives (Peoples's Co-operative Ltd.),
    Winnipeg City Council, Winnipeg School Board and the Canadian
    Labour Defence League. Includes material on Ukrainian Canadians
    and Scottish Canadians.

  • Entrevues réalisées en 1987 et portant surtout sur la communauté
    francophone (Franco-Manitobains, Belges, Métis) de
    Saint-Boniface. Les entrevues contiennent les témoignages des
    aînés de la communauté, surtout des personnes ayant oeuvré dans
    les domaines de la culture, du commerce, de la finance et dans le
    monde ouvrier. Les témoignages portent aussi sur la Société
    historique de Saint-Boniface et le Club Belge.

  • Interviews conducted during the 1980s. Sokol was formed in 1906
    as a Polish Gymnastic Association and evolved into a cultural
    association. The interviews document the cultural and social
    life of the Polish community in Winnipeg from the 1920s to the
    1980s. Topics include pioneer life and ethnic relations.

  • Interviews conducted in 1989 and 1990 to prepare a history of the
    School for Practical Nurses. Interviewees are seventeen Licensed
    Practical Nurses (LPNs), the majority of whom are women. They
    describe their education and work experiences. They also discuss
    their relationships with other nursing professionals and the
    future of LPN training programs. Includes references to the
    Manitoba Association of Licensed Practical Nurses (MALPN), the
    Manitoba Association of Registered Nurses (MARN), St. Boniface
    General Hospital and the Taché Nursing Centre.

  • Interviews conducted in 1990 to further the goals of the local
    historical society of recording local history that could be used
    as part of the "Talking Books" series. Interviewees from Virden
    and area describe the homesteading experience, farming, community
    life and local politics in the period 1890s to the present.

  • Interviews conducted in 1987 and 1988 with women who graduated
    from the Winnipeg General Hospital School of Nursing between 1920
    and 1940. The interviewees discuss their education and training,
    their work experiences, their attitude to the profession and
    social activities. Includes references to Margaret Scott
    Mission, King George Hospital and the Victoria Order of Nurses.
    Places mentioned include rural and northern Manitoba.

  • Interviews conducted in 1981 and 1982 with 257 Winnipeg
    residents. The project was organized and conducted by professors
    and students at the University of Winnipeg, as part of a summer
    employment project for students. The project was divided into 34
    thematic categories. The major categories are: "Winnipeg
    Memories"; "Daily Life Experiences: War Veterans"; women's work
    in a variety of fields; the labour movement; British and other
    immigrants; St. Boniface memories; ethnic and aboriginal groups,
    including Métis, English-speaking Ukrainian Canadians, Jewish
    Canadians, Icelandic Canadians, Polish Canadians, Mennonites,
    Franco-Manitobans and German Canadians. Smaller categories
    include professions and business, political ideas, religion, the
    arts, psychic phenomena, folk medicine, sports and experiences of
    the handicapped.

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